Comparative overview of national protection statues in the EU and Norway : EMN Synthesis Report for the EMN Study 2019
European Migration Network
This Synthesis Report presents the main findings of the European Migration Network (EMN) study ‘Comparative overview of national protection statuses in the European Union (EU) and Norway’. The study explores the key characteristics of non-harmonised protection statuses and the types of national statuses granted by Member States and Norway to address a protection need not covered by international protection statuses as set out in the Qualification Directive or temporary protection in the Temporary Protection Directive. The report includes an overview of national statuses granted by particular protection ground, reviewing the conditions and rights associated with each. It also considers commonalities and differences with the minimum standards established at EU level for the EU-harmonised statuses (refugee status, subsidiary protection and, in one case, temporary protection). This assessment is timely, in light of efforts undertaken since 2016 to strengthen the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) to complement existing legal pathways to admit those in need of protection to the EU, including the proposed Union Resettlement Framework Regulation and, increasingly, other legal pathways for persons in need of protection.
1. Introduction ; 2. Overview and mapping of types of national protection statues ; 3. Constitutional asylum ; 4. Collective protection ; 5. Protection based on "general" humanitarian grounds ; 6. Protection based on exceptional circumstances ; 7. Protection statues available for climate change reasons and natural disasters ; 8. Protection based on medical reasons ; 9. Protection status on the basis of the nonrefoulement principle ; 10. Protection statues available for minors, unaccompanied and aged-out minors ; 11. Protection statues available for beneficiaries of special programmes (relocation, resettlement) ; 12. Main developments sincw 2010, current debates and challenges ; 13. Conclusion