Internal security in Poland after 2015. threats and responses
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The objective of the article is to provide a preliminary assessment of Poland’s response to non-military threats to its internal security. The article discusses threats to Poland’s internal security between 2015 and 2020. The scope of analysis is limited to foreign intelligence operations and espionage, extremisms and terrorism, cyber threats, and economic threats, including corruption. Threat assessment focuses on targets for hostile actions, observed patterns and trends, along with consequences to Poland’s internal security. Available data on threats to Poland’s internal security is consolidated and analysed. The assessment of response to threats discusses its effectiveness and highlights challenges in responding to new threats. The scope of the article is limited to the Internal Security Agency activities and is based on publicly available official governmental documents along with analytical works published in professional periodicals. Based on observed trends, possible future scenarios related to threats to Poland’s internal security are presented, and possible responses discussed.